July 10, 2022 at 7:27 pm #38612TripleGemStudentParticipant
I have read the Tapussa Sutta Akuppa Cetovimutti post and the English translation of the sutta at SC.
I have a question in regards to this sutta. When the Buddha mentioned that he was “beset” with recurring perceptions of . . . sensuality, vitakka, pitisahagata, and so on.
#1. Was this before or after the Buddha achieved āsavakkhaya ñāna or Buddhahood?
“Then this thought occurred to me: “If, I see the dangers of sensual pleasures and the benefits of renunciation of sense pleasures, such thoughts free of sense cravings (nekkhamme cittam) will sink in (pakkhandati), will purify (pasidati), will calm down ( santitthati) my mind so that it will become liberated ( vimuccati)”.”
#2. Was this before or after the Buddha achieved āsavakkhaya ñāna or Buddhahood?
July 10, 2022 at 8:33 pm #38616LalKeymaster
The pali version and the English translation at Sutta Central: “Tapussa Sutta (AN 9.41)”
#1 and #2 questions: Yes. The sutta compares the anariya jhanas the Buddha attained prior to the Buddhahood (with Alara Kalama and Uddakarama Putta) and the Ariya jhana after the Buddhahood.
It is explained in the post, “Tapussa Sutta (AN 9.41)– Akuppā Cētōvimutti“
November 11, 2022 at 11:20 am #41331TripleGemStudentParticipant
May everyone be well,
In the Tapussa Sutta, the Buddha mentioned about seeing the benefits of infinite space (ākāsānañcāyatane), infinite consciousness (viññāṇañcāyatane), dimension of nothingness (ākiñcaññāyatane), and dimension of neither perception nor non-perception (nevasaññānāsaññāyatanaṁ).
I’m wondering what are the benefits of those arupa jhana’s? Or does it mention anywhere in the sutta’s the benefits of each those 4 arupa jhana’s?
November 11, 2022 at 2:22 pm #41332LalKeymaster
It is a good question that brings out an issue that needs to be emphasized.
1. First, ākāsānañcāyatana, viññāṇañcāyatana, ākiñcaññāyatana, and nevasaññānāsaññāyatana are NOT jhāna. They are samāpatti.
– The Buddha discussed only FOUR jhānās. These are the mental states of rupavacara Brahmas.
– One can proceed to higher arupavacara samāpatti once getting to the fourth jhana.
– However, these days, the higher four arupavacara samāpatti are incorrectly labeled as the fourth through the eighth jhāna.
– In many posts, I have also used that incorrect terminology. (Please let me know if you come across them so I can revise them).
2. Now, to address the question of TripleGemStudent: “I’m wondering what are the benefits of those arupa jhana’s?”
The short answer is as follows:
– A cetovimutti (or ubhatovimutti) Arahant gets to nirodha samapatti by sequentially going through the first four jhana and then the four arupavacara samapatti. Thus, there are eight steps up to that stage. The ninth step is to advance to the next stage of nirodha samapatti.
– That nine-step process is also informative in the following way. That Arahant would transcend the kama loka once getting to the first jhana. Then they would advance through higher arupavacara states, reaching the nevasaññānāsaññāyatana at the eighth step, which is the highest arupavacara Brahma realm (dimension of neither perception nor non-perception). One is almost released from this world of 31 realms at that point.
– Even anariya yogis can reach that state. But they CAN NOT get to nirodha samapatti because they have NOT removed any anusaya! They will be born in that Brahma realm at death, but they can be reborn in apayas in future lives since they have not removed any anusaya.
– But A cetovimutti (or ubhatovimutti) Arahant can “temporarily detach” from this world of 31 realms for up to seven days. Since they still have kammic energy to sustain the physical body, they will be automatically released from nirodha samapatti after seven days (unless they willingly come off before that).
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