A Quest to Recover Buddha's True Teachings
Skip to content
User’s Guide to Pure Dhamma Website
What is Buddha Dhamma?
Foundation of Dhamma
The Importance of Purifying the Mind
The Grand Unified Theory of Dhamma
The Grand Unified Theory of Dhamma – Introduction
Our Two Worlds : Material and Mental
31 Realms Associated with the Earth
Gandhabbaya – Only in Human and Animal Realms
Body Types in 31 Realms – Importance of Manomaya Kaya
Gandhabbaya Sensing the World – With and Without a Physical Body
Nibbana in the Big Picture
Buddha Dhamma: Non-Perceivability and Self-Consistency
Sansaric Time Scale, Buddhist Cosmology, and the Big Bang Theory
Evidence for Rebirth
Power of the Human Mind
Power of the Human Mind – Introduction
Difference Between Jhāna and Stages of Nibbāna
Power of the Human Mind – Anariya or Mundane Jhanas
Power of the Human Mind – Ariya Jhanas
Are There Procedures for Attaining Magga Phala, Jhāna and Abhinnā?
Transfer of Merits (Pattidana) – How Does it Happen?
First Noble Truth is Suffering? Myths about Suffering
Vinaya – The Nature Likes to be in Equilibrium
Key Dhamma Concepts
What is “San”? Meaning of Sansāra (or Samsāra)
Sankhāra, Kamma, Kamma Beeja, Kamma Vipāka
Sankhara – Life is a Bundle of Sankhara
Difference Between Dhammā and Sankhāra
Sankhāra and Kammā, Viññāna and Kamma Beeja
Nibbana – Is it Difficult to Understand?
The Four Stages in Attaining Nibbāna
What Are Rūpa? (Relation to Nibbāna)
Does the First Noble Truth Describe only Suffering?
Nirödha and Vaya – Two Different Concepts
Nibbana “Exists”, but Not in This World
Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta
Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta – Wrong Interpretations
Anicca – True Meaning
Anicca – Inability to Maintain Anything
Anicca – Repeated Arising/Destruction
Anicca – Worthlessness of Worldly Things
Anatta and Dukkha – True Meanings
Anattā – A Systematic Analysis
Anattā (Mundane Interpretation) – There is no “Unchanging Self”
Types of Bodies in 31 Realms – Connection to Jhāna
Finest Manōmaya Kaya of an Arūpāvacara Brahma
Three Marks of Existence – English Discourses
Anatta – the Opposite of Which Atta?
Dasa Akusala and Anatta – The Critical Link
How to Cultivate the Anicca Saññā
How to Cultivate the Anicca Sanna – II
Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta – According to Some Key Suttas
If Everything is Anicca Should We Just give up Everything?
Why are Tilakkhana not Included in 37 Factors of Enlightenment?
Two Versions of 37 Factors of Enlightenment
The Incessant Distress (“Peleema”) – Key to Dukkha Sacca
Gati, Bhava, and Jāti
Namagotta, Bhava, Kamma Beeja, and Mano Loka (Mind Plane)
Gathi and Bhava – Many Varieties
Gathi to Bhava to Jathi – Ours to Control
Memory, Brain, Mind, Nama Loka, Kamma Bhava, Kamma Vipaka
Bhava and Jati – States of Existence and Births Therein
Difference Between Tanhā and Upādāna
Pāpa Kamma Versus Akusala Kamma
Sorting out Some Key Pali Terms (Tanha, Lobha, Dosa, Moha, etc)
Kāma Tanhā, Bhava Tanhā, Vibhava Tanhā
Tanha – How We Attach Via Greed, Hate, and Ignorance
Lōbha, Rāga and Kāmaccanda, Kāmarāga
Lōbha, Dōsa, Mōha versus Rāga, Patigha, Avijjā
What is Avijja (Ignorance)?
Indriya and Ayatana – Big Difference
Hetu-Phala, Paccuppanna, and Paticca Samuppada
Ditthi (Wrong Views), Samma Ditthi (Good/Correct Views)
Correct Meaning of Vacī Sankhāra
Panca Indriya and Panca Bala – Five Faculties and Five Powers
Kāmaccandha and Icca – Being Blinded by Cravings
The Five Aggregates (Pancakkhandha)
Five Aggregates – Introduction
Difference Between Rupa and Rupakkhandha
Vēdanā (Feelings) Arise in Two Ways
Viññāna (Defiled Consciousness)
Rupa (Material Form)
Pancakkhandha or Five Aggregates – A Misinterpreted Concept
Pancaupadanakkhandha – It is All Mental
Four Noble Truths – Suffering and Its Elimination
Introduction to Citta, Vēdanā, Saññā, Sankhāra, and Viññāna
Breath Meditation Is Addictive and Harmful in the Long Run
Viññāna – Consciousness Together With Future Expectations
Connection Between Sankhāra and Viññāna
Viññāna and Sankhāra – Connection to Paticca Samuppāda
Ānapānasati Eliminates Mental Stress Permanently
Ānāpāna and Satipatthāna – Fundamentals
Sati in Ānapānasati/Satipatthāna – Two Meanings of Sati
Living Dhamma – Overview
Living Dhamma – Introduction
Niramisa Sukha to Nibbana Suva – The Key Step
Starting on the Path Even without Belief in Rebirth
Dhamma with Less Pāli
Buddha Dhamma for an Inquiring Mind – Part I
Root of All Suffering – Ten Immoral Actions
Is Suffering the Same as the First Noble Truth on Suffering?
Dhamma, Sankhara, Sankata, Rupa, Vinnana, Gati, Asava, Anusaya
Citta, Manō, Viññāna – Stages of a Thought
Living Dhamma – Fundamentals
What Are Kilesa (Mental Impurities)? – Connection to Cetasika
Suffering in This Life – Role of Mental Impurities
Satipattana Sutta – Relevance to Suffering in This Life
How Are Gati and Kilesa Incorporated into Thoughts?
Noble Eightfold Path – Role of Sobhana Cetasika
Getting to Samadhi
Sexual Orientation – Effects of Kamma and Gathi (Sankhara)
Mundane Samma Samadhi
Micca Ditthi – Connection to Hethu Phala (Cause and Effect)
Suffering in This Life and Paticca Samuppada
Suffering in This Life and Paticca Samuppada II
Transition to Noble Eightfold Path
Is It Necessary for a Buddhist to Eliminate Sensual Desires?
Sīla, Samādhi, Pannā to Pannā, Sīla, Samādhi
Six Root Causes – Loka Samudaya (Arising of Suffering) and Loka Nirodhaya (Nibbana)
Ye Dhammā Hetuppabhavā.. and Yam Kińci Samudaya Dhammam..
Samādhi, Jhāna (Dhyāna), Magga Phala
Samādhi, Jhāna, Magga Phala – Introduction
Vitakka, Vicāra, Savitakka, Savicāra, and Avitakka, Avicāra
Jhānic Experience in Detail – Sāmaññaphala Sutta (DN 2)
Ascendance to Nibbāna via Jhāna (Dhyāna)
Pannāvimutti – Arahanthood without Jhāna
Mundane versus Supramundane Jhāna
Nirōdha Samāpatti, Phala Samāpatti, Jhāna, and Jhāna Samāpatti
Mental Body – Gandhabbaya
Our Mental Body – Gandhabbaya
Gandhabba State – Evidence from Tipitaka
Antarabhava and Gandhabba
Ānantariya Kamma – Connection to Gandhabba
Mental Body (Gandhabbaya) – Personal Accounts
Abnormal Births Due to Gandhabba Transformations
Satara Āhāra for Mental Body or Gandhabba
Micchā Ditthi, Gandhabba, and Sōtapanna Stage
Working of Kammā – Critical Role of Conditions
Nāma & Rūpa to Nāmarūpa
What is Sañña (Perception)?
Sanna – What It Really Means
Future Suffering – Why It Arises
Ditthi, Sanna, and Sankhara – How They Relate
What Is Vedana (Feelings)?
Vedana – What It Really Means
Does Bodily Pain Arise Only Due to Kamma Vipāka?
Sankhara – What It Really Means
What are rūpa? – Dhamma are rūpa too!
Bhūta and Yathābhūta – What Do They Really Mean
Viññāna – What It Really Means
Kamma Viññāna – Link Between Mind and Matter
Anidassana Viññāṇa – What It Really Means
Do I Have “A Mind” That Is Fixed and “Mine”?
Kamma Viññāna and Nāmarūpa Paricceda Ñana
Dhamma and Science
Dhamma and Science – Introduction
Good Explanations – Key to Weeding Out Bad Versions of Dhamma
Cloning and Gandhabba
Consciousness – A Dhamma Perspective
Consciousness Dependence on Number of Dimensions
Six Kinds of Consciousness in Our 3-D World
Expanding “Consciousness” by Using Technology
Expanding “Consciousness” by Purifying the Mind
What is Mind? How do we Experience the Outside World?
Consistencies with Science
Second Law of Thermodynamics is Part of Anicca!
Quantum Entanglement – We Are All Connected
Infinity – How Big Is It?
Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem
Truine Brain: How the Mind Rewires the Brain via Meditation/Habits
How Habits are Formed and Broken – A Scientific View
Inconsistencies with Science
Neuroscience says there is no Free Will? – That is a Misinterpretation!
The Double Slit Experiment – Correlation between Mind and Matter?
Vision (Cakkhu Vinnana) is Not Just Seeing
Three Levels of Practice
Moral Living and Fundamentals
The Pale Blue Dot……..
The Law of Attraction, Habits, Character (Gati), and Cravings (Asavas)
Habits, Goals, and Character (Gati or Gathi)
Wrong Views (Micca Ditthi) – A Simpler Analysis
Four Noble Truths: Recipe for Problem Solving
First Noble Truth – A Simple Explanation of One Aspect
Difference between a Wish and a Determination (Paramita)
Calming the Mind
Key to Calming the Mind – The Five Hindrances
Solution to a Wandering Mind – Abandon Everything?
Right Speech – How to Avoid Accumulating Kamma
Three Kinds of Happiness – What is Niramisa Sukha?
Learning Buddha Dhamma Leads to Nirāmisa Sukha
How to Taste Nibbāna
Need to Experience Suffering in Order to Understand it?
Does Impermanence Lead to Suffering?
Buddha Dhamma and Buddhism
What is Unique in Buddha Dhamma?
A Buddhist or a Bhauddhaya?
Where to Start on the Path?
What Reincarnates? – Concept of a Lifestream
Recent Evidence for Unbroken Memory Records (HSAM)
Buddhism without Rebirth and Nibbana?
Kusala and Akusala Kamma, Punna and Pāpa Kamma
Ten Immoral Actions (Dasa Akusala)
Punna Kamma – Dāna, Sīla, Bhāvanā
The Five Precepts – What the Buddha Meant by Them
What is Kamma? – Is Everything Determined by Kamma?
How to Evaluate Weights of Different Kamma
Account of Anugulimāla – Many Insights to Buddha Dhamma
The Four Bases of Mental Power (Satara Iddhipada)
Why is it Necessary to Learn Key Pali Words?
Buddha Dhamma and Morality
Origin of Morality (and Immorality) in Buddhism
Buddhist Explanations of Conception, Abortion, and Contraception
Is Eating Meat an Akusala Kamma (Immoral Deed)?
Do Things Just Happen? – The Hidden Causes
Working Towards Good Rebirths
Sansaric Habits, Character (Gathi), and Cravings (Asava)
Vagaries of Life and the Way to Seek “Good Rebirths”
How to Avoid Birth in the Apayas
How the Buddha Described the Chance of Rebirth in the Human Realm
Kamma, Debt, and Meditation
How do we Decide which View is Wrong View (Ditthi)?
Three Kinds of Ditthi, Eightfold Paths, and Samadhi
Implications of the Rebirth Process in Daily Life and in Society
What Does Buddha Dhamma Say about Creator, Satan, Angels, and Demons?
Patisandhi Citta – How the Next Life is Determined According to Gathi
Attha Purisa Puggalā- Eight Noble Persons
Gathi (Gati), Anusaya, and Āsava
The Way to Nibbana – Removal of Asavas
Kanha (Dark) and Sukka (Bright) Kamma and Kammakkhaya
Dasa Samyojana – Bonds in Rebirth Process
The Cooling Down Process (Nibbana) – How Root Causes are Removed
Why is Correct Interpretation of Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta so Important?
How to Cultivate the Noble Eightfold Path starting with Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta
Difference Between Giving Up Valuables and Losing Interest in Worthless
Root Cause of Anicca – Five Stages of a Sankata
Sotapanna Stage of Nibbana
The Sōtapanna Stage
Why a Sotapanna is Better off than any King, Emperor, or a Billionaire
Myths about the Sotapanna Stage
Anulōma Patilōma Paticca Samuppāda – Key to Sōtapanna Stage
Sotapanna Anugami and a Sotapanna
Sōtapanna Anugāmi – No More Births in the Apāyās
Four Conditions for Attaining Sōtapanna Magga/Phala
Sotapatti Anga – The Four Qualities of a Sotapanna
Sammā Ditthi – Realization, Not Memorization
How Does One Know whether the Sotapanna Stage is Reached?
Assāda, Ādīnava, Nissarana
Assāda, Ādīnava, Nissarana – Introduction
Asvada – How Perceived Pleasures can lead to Dukkha
Kāma Guna, Kāma, Kāma Rāga, Kāmaccanda
Vēdanā (Feelings) Arise in Two Ways
Feelings: Sukha, Dukha, Somanassa, and Domanassa
What is “Käma”? It is not Sex
Kāma Assāda Start with Phassa Paccaya Vedana or Samphassa Ja Vedana
Sakkāya Ditthi is Personality (Me) View?
Akusala Citta – How a Sotapanna Avoids Apayagami Citta
What is the only Akusala Removed by a Sōtapanna?
Udayavaya Nana – Introduction
Nibbatti Lakkhana in Udayavaya Nana
Āhāra (Food) in Udayavaya Ñāna
Udayavaya Nana – Importance of the Cittaja Kaya
Tables and Summaries
Pali Glossary – (A-K)
Pali Glossary – (L-Z)
List of “San” Words and Other Pāli Roots
The 89 (121) Types of Citta
Cetasika (Mental Factors)
Rupa (Material Form) – Table
Rupa – Generation Mechanisms
Rupa Kalapas (Grouping of Matter)
Akusala Citta and Akusala Vipāka Citta
37 Factors of Enlightenment
Conditions for the Four Stages of Nibbāna
Ultimate Realities – Table
31 Realms of Existence
Paticca Samuppada – “Pati+ichcha”+”Sama+uppäda”
Paticca Samuppada – Overview
How Are Paticca Samuppāda Cycles Initiated?
Paticca Samuppāda Cycles
Avyākata Paticca Samuppāda for Vipāka Viññāna
Akusala-Mūla Paticca Samuppāda
Kusala-Mula Paticca Samuppada
Akusala-Mula Pavutti (or Pravurthi) Paticca Samuppada
Paticca Samuppada in Plain English
Introduction – What is Suffering?
Introduction -2 – The Three Characteristics of Nature
Avijjā paccayā sankhārā
Sankhara paccaya Vinnana – 1
Sankhara paccaya Vinnana – 2
Viññāna paccayā Nāmarūpa
Nāmarūpa paccayā Salāyatana
Difference between Phassa and Samphassa
Phassa paccaya Vedana….to Bhava
Bhava paccaya Jati….Jara, Marana,…
Imasmim Sati Idam Hoti – What Does It Really Mean?
Pattana Dhamma – Connection to Cause and Effect (Hethu Phala)
What Does “Paccaya” Mean in Paticca Samuppada?
Annantara and Samanantara Paccaya
Āsēvana and Aññamañña Paccayā
Discussion of Comments
What is Intention in Kamma?
Would Nibbana be Possible if Impermanence is the Cause of Suffering?
Logical Proof that Impermanence is Incorrect Translation of Anicca
“Self” and “no-self”: A Simple Analysis – Do We Always Act with Avijja?
Craving for Pornography – How to Reduce the Tendency
“Why Does the World Exist?” by Jim Holt
“Waking Up” by Sam Harris
“The Language of God” by Francis Collins
“Spark” by John Ratey
“The Life of the Buddha” by Bhikkhu Nānamoli
Dhamma and Philosophy
Dhamma and Philosophy – Introduction
Philosophy of the Mind
Is Buddha Dhamma (Buddhism) a Religion?
The Infinity Problem in Buddhism
Free Will in Buddhism – Connection to Sankhara
1. Introduction to Buddhist Meditation
2. The Basics in Meditation
3. The Second Level – Key to Purify the Mind
4. What Do All These Different Meditation Techniques Mean?
5. Ariya Metta Bhavana (Loving Kindness Meditation)
6. Anāpānasati Bhāvanā (Introduction)
7. What is Ānāpāna?
Is Ānāpānasati Breath Meditation?
8. The Basic Formal Anāpānasati Meditation
Possible Effects in Meditation – Kundalini Awakening
9. Key to Anapanasati – How to Change Habits and Character (Gathi)
Introduction to Character or Personality (Gathi)
A Broad View of the “Person” Trying to be a “Better Person”
How Character (Gathi) Leads to Bhava and Jathi
How Habits are Formed and Broken – A Scientific View
Karaniya Metta Sutta – Metta Bhavana
10. Attaining the Sotapanna Stage via Removing Ditthasava
11. Magga Phala via Cultivation of Saptha Bojjanga
12. Key Factors to be Considered when “Meditating” for the Sotapanna Stage
13. Kammattana (Recitations) for the Sotapanna Stage
Possible Outcomes of Meditation – Samadhi, Jhana, Magga Phala
What is Samadhi? – Three Kinds of Mindfulness
Getting to Samādhi via Formal Mediation Sessions
Are You Not Getting Expected Results from Meditation?
Anussati and Anupassanā – Being Mindful and Removing Defilements
Myths about Meditation
A Simple Way to Enhance Merits (Kusala) and Avoid Demerits (Akusala)
Abhidhamma – Introduction
Essential Abhidhamma – The Basics
Amazingly Fast Time Evolution of a Thought (Citta)
The Amazing Mind – Critical Role of Nāmagotta (Memories)
State of Mind in the Absence of Citta Vithi – Bhavanga
Bhava and Bhavanga – Simply Explained!
Citta Vithi – Processing of Sense Inputs
Mind and Consciousness
What is Mind? How do we Experience the Outside World?
What is Consciousness?
1. Thoughts (Citta), Consciousness (Vinnana), and Mind (Hadaya Vatthu) – Introduction
2. Vinnana (Consciousness) can be of Many Different Types and Forms
3. Vinnana, Thoughts, and the Subconscious
Citta and Cetasika
Citta and Cetasika – How Vinnana (Consciousness) Arises
What is a Thought?
What is in a Thought? Why Gathi are so Important?
Cetasika – Connection to Gathi
Javana of a Citta – The Root of Mental Power
Gandhabba (Manomaya Kaya)
Gandhabba (Manomaya Kaya)- Introduction
Does any Object (Rupa) Last only 17 Thought Moments?
Hidden World of the Gandhabba: Netherworld (Para Lōka)
Ghost in the Machine – Synonym for the Manomaya Kaya?
Manomaya Kaya (Gandhabba) and the Physical Body
Brain – Interface between Mind and Body
Manomaya Kaya and Out-of-Body Experience (OBE)
Cuti-Patisandhi – An Abhidhamma Description
Why Do People Enjoy Immoral Deeds? – Ditthi Is Key
Key to Sotapanna Stage – Ditthi and Vicikicca
The Origin of Matter – Suddhashtaka
What are Dhamma? – A Deeper Analysis
Pabhassara Citta, Radiant Mind, and Bhavanga
Historical Background – Introduction
Methods of Delivery of Dhamma by the Buddha
Misconceptions on the Topics the Buddha “Refused to Answer”
Misinterpretations of Buddha Dhamma
Preservation of the Buddha Dhamma
Historical Timeline of Edward Conze
Why is it Critical to Find the Pure Buddha Dhamma?
Key Problems with Mahayana Teachings
Saddharma Pundarika Sutra (Lotus Sutra) – A Focused Analysis
What is Suñyāta or Suññāta (Emptiness)?
Incorrect Theravada Interpretations – Historical Timeline
Buddhaghosa and Visuddhimagga – Historical Background
Buddhaghosa’s Visuddhimagga – A Focused Analysis
Background on the Current Revival of Buddha Dhamma
Misintepretation of Anicca and Anatta by Early European Scholars
Tipitaka Commentaries – Helpful or Misleading?
Buddhist Chanting – Introduction
Namaskaraya – Homage to the Buddha
Supreme Qualities of Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha
The Five Precepts – Panca Sila
Sutta Chanting (with Pali Text)
Sadhu – Symbolizes Purified Hadaya Vatthu (Mind)
Sabba Papassa Akaranan….
Appamādō Amata Padam….
Najajja Vasalo Hoti……
Arōgyā Paramā Lābhā..
Anicca vata Sankhara…
Attā Hi Attanō Nāthō
Sutta – Introduction
Pali Dictionaries – Are They Reliable?
Nikaya in the Sutta Pitaka
Sutta Learning Sequence for the Present Day
Mahā Satipatthāna Sutta
Satipatthana Sutta – Structure
Satipatthana – Introduction
Kayanupassana – Section on Postures (Iriyapathapabba)
Kāyānupassanā – The Section on Habits (Sampajānapabba)
Prerequisites for the Satipatthāna Bhāvanā
What is “Kāya” in Kāyānupassanā?
Mahā Cattārisaka Sutta (Discourse on the Great Forty)
Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta – Introduction
Essence of Buddhism – In the First Sutta
Majjima Patipada – Way to Relinquish Attachments to this World
Tiparivattaya and Twelve Types of Ñāna (Knowledge)
Relinquishing Defilements via Three Rounds and Four Stages
Anguttara Nikāya – Suttā on Key Concepts
Dasa Akusala/Dasa Kusala – Basis of Buddha Dhamma
Dasa Akusala/Dasa Kusala – Basis of Buddha Dhamma -2
Na Cētanākaranīya Sutta
Pathama Metta Sutta
Kukkuravatika Sutta (Majjhima Nikaya 57) – Kammakkhaya
Buddhism and Evolution – Aggañña Sutta (DN 27)
Tapussa Sutta (AN 9.41)– Akuppā Cētōvimutti
Myths or Realities?
Animisa Locana Bodhi Poojawa – A Prelude to Acts of Gratitude
Paramita and Niyata Vivarana – Myths or Realities?
Tisarana Vandana and Its Effects on One’s Gathi
Does the Hell (Niraya) Exist?
Can Buddhist Meditation be Dangerous?
Boy Who Remembered Pāli Suttas for 1500 Years
Quantum Mechanics and Dhamma
Quantum Mechanics and Dhamma – Introduction
Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness
Will Quantum Mechanics Be Able to Explain Consciousness?
The Observer Effect in Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Mechanics – A New Interpretation
What Is a Wave and What Is a Particle?
Photons Are Particles Not Waves
Basis of the Proposed Interpretation – Feynman’s Technique in QED
Feynman’s Glass Plate Experiment
Feynman’s Method of “A Particle Exploring All Possible Paths”
“Exploring All Possible Paths” Leads to Fermat’s Principle of Least Time
Username or Email:
Reset My Password